Probiotics are edible sources that contain health-promoting microorganisms, whereas prebiotics are foods that encourage the growth of healthy gut bacteria. Because gut bacteria play a critical role in many sections of the body, not just the colon, pre and probiotics are beneficial to human health.
The gut microbiota is made up of billions of bacterial cells that play a number of roles in the human body. You can't exist without your microbiota, and the benefits of a diversified and healthy microbiome go far beyond the gut. Prebiotics are chemicals found primarily in plant-based foods that supply nourishment to your gut's beneficial microorganisms. Prebiotic dietary fibres, resistant starches, and polyphenols help health-promoting microorganisms grow and function. Probiotics are foods and supplements that contain a live bacteria source that has a variety of effects on the human body. Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, for example, help maintain order in the gut microbiome by maintaining the proper acidity and preventing opportunistic bacteria from colonising your gut. Prebiotics and probiotics go together efficiently because probiotic and beneficial bacteria cannot grow without prebiotics since prebiotics are a key source of nourishment. As a result, the decreased abundance of health-promoting bacteria in your gut environment may cause imbalances throughout your body.