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Gut Microbiota and Intestine

Gut Microbiota and Intestine

There are trillions of microorganisms (bacteria) in the human body. Some of these are beneficial, while others are harmful. The biomass produced by the bacteria living in the gastrointestinal tract is around 4 pounds. Every person is made up of a unique mix of species. Nutrition, immunity, and effects on the brain and behaviour are all influenced by the microbiome. It's linked to a number of disorders that create a disruption in the microbiome's usual balance. The gut microbiota (the community of microorganisms that live in the gastrointestinal system) has a wide range of physiological consequences. It aids in the creation of biologically active molecules, as well as the modulation of immunological responses, behaviour, and mood. The gut microbiota was previously known as the gut microflora. Humans benefit from this symbiotic relationship, and the presence of this normal flora includes microorganisms that are so common in the environment that they may be found in almost all animals from the same area. These local microbes, on the other hand, include hazardous bacteria that may overcome the body's defences that keep them from important organs and systems.

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