Microorganisms are crucial cell factories for the manufacture of single cell proteins, small and large metabolites, and proteins. Methods and strategies for the production and use of eukaryotic and prokaryotic microorganisms (e.g., yeasts, fungi, algae) and archaea for substance synthesis, as well as the use of the microorganisms or their substances in applications in the fields of white (industrial), red (pharmaceutical/medical), and green (agro-environmental) biotechnology, are included in the field of microbial biotechnology. It also addresses the use of microbes or their products in biocatalysis, energy, food and feed, mining, and the development of novel materials.
Engineering and applied biological sciences have identified microbial engineering technologies as a significant and relevant topic area. A microbial engineer works on biotechnology's biological, chemical, and engineering elements, manipulating microbes and discovering new applications for them. Microbiome engineering is becoming more popular as a way to address problems in health, agriculture, and climate change. Microbiome engineering aims to improve an ecosystem's function by changing microbial makeup. The design of a microbiome with increased function and the creation of an improved microbiome are two important obstacles for successful microbiome engineering. Microbiome engineering is a field that is fast growing. Microbiome engineering for human health has had several remarkable successes, particularly in the infant gut, bioremediation, wastewater engineering, and agriculture.