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Microbial Ecology and Evolution

Microbial Ecology and Evolution

Microbial life on early Earth evolved and modified the environment, allowing more complex life to evolve. Microbes are still evolving in response to an ever-changing environment, and microbial ecosystems continue to manage the planet's biogeochemical cycling and have a profound impact on the function of all other living organisms. The field of microbial ecology is undergoing a revolution, having ramifications in microbiology, ecology, and ecosystem research. In our global fight against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, ecology and evolution, particularly of microorganisms, have never been more important. Microorganism ecology is undoubtedly one of the most intriguing intellectual concerns in contemporary ecology. Although evolutionary microbiology (the study of microbial evolution) and ecological microbiology (also known as microbial ecology) have considerable overlap in terms of subject matter, they have quite different perspectives on key biological processes that occur in microorganisms. The study of the patterns (relationships between genes and organisms) and processes (mechanisms creating variety and selection operating on it) of evolution in microorganisms is known as evolutionary microbiology. Reconstruction of linkages (using phylogenies and networks), population genetics, and comparative gene and genome analysis are among its most important methods. The study of microorganisms' interactions with their surroundings and other species is known as microbial ecology.

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